Looking to keep your noggin in a tip-top state? Before reaching for the jar of supplements, focus on maintaining healthy habits.
"Most people can keep their brains young and healthy by adopting some healthy lifestyle routines—no supplements required!" saidKim Yawitz, RD, a registered dietitian andgym owner. "Regular exercise, frequent mental stimulation, an active social life, adequate sleep, and a healthy diet go a long way toward helping you to stay mentally sharp with age," she says, adding that a lot of the nutrients that are commonly used as brain health supplements can be found in the Mediterranean diet—which has been linkedwith better cognitive function in older adults.
Still, Yawitz says supplements could be helpful if your diet falls short in certain vital nutrients. She does caution, however, that getting too much of some of these nutrients can do more harm than good. "For this reason, it's always best to check with your doctor before taking any new supplement."
"While all of these brain health supplements are great on their own, I wouldn't suggest taking all of them at once! Speak to your medical practitioner about which ones you should take," echoedAmy Gorin, MS, RDN, an inclusive plant-based dietitian in Stamford, CT, and owner ofPlant Based with Amy. Gorin added that if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you should discuss this with your doctor to determine which ones are safe for you.
Six supplements to consider for brain health
"Folate is a B vitamin that's thought toreduce systemic inflammation—a major risk factor for Alzheimer's disease and dementia," says Yawitz, pointing to a2021 systematic review and meta-analysisin which adults with Alzheimer's disease were 88 percent more likely to be deficient in folate. "By contrast, those who regularly hit the recommended daily allowance for folate were 56 percent less likely to have Alzheimer's disease than those who didn't get enough," she added of the research.
"A folic acid supplementcan help you cover your basesif you don't eat a lot of beef liver, leafy green veggies, whole grains, and other folate-rich foods—but more isn't necessarily better!" Yawitz says. (You can check out the20 best folate-rich foodsto learn more about dietary sources of the nutrient.) Again, don't overdo it with folate-rich foods or folate supplements: "Researchers don't know for sure if folic acid supplements improve brain health in adults who get enough vitamin B in the diet, and there'ssome evidencethat getting too much folate could actually increase the risk of cognitive decline," according to Yawitz.
2. Bacopa Extract
Gorin tells us that bacopa extract is a traditional Ayurvedic herb that can benefit the brain by helping the brain protect itself. "In one 2021 study in Journal of Functional Foods, researchers saw that twice-daily supplementation with bacopa extract benefitted emotional wellbeing," Gorin says, adding, "The suggested dose for this supplement is one veg capsule, which contains 450 mg bacopa extract. This is not something that you can easily get from food." Also known as bacopa monnieri, there are many reasons why dietitians call it one of the best supplements for dementia.
3. Mag L-Threonate
Another favorite of Gorin's is Mag L-Threonate, which she describes as "a really cool supplement because it's a specific type of magnesium that can help your memory and cognition." She points out that "it was discovered by MIT researchers, and research in Innovation in Aging suggests that it may help improve cognitive functioning in many patients." Gorin also notes that the suggested dose is two capsules and you cannot get this type of magnesium from food.
4. Fish Oil
If you want to live a longer, healthier life,making fish oil part of your routine could be beneficial. "Fish oil contains EPA and DHA, which are omega-3 fatty acids that promote brain health," said Yawitz, highlightingone 2012 studyin which "older adults with lower amounts of DHA in their blood had smaller brain volumes and performed significantly worse on cognitive tests than those with normal DHA levels, even without being diagnosed with dementia."
Yawitz also referred toanother 2021 studyincluding only octogenarians, which found that "those with the most EPA in their blood were 24 percent less likely to develop Alzheimer's disease and dementia than those with lower EPA levels." Nevertheless, Yawitz acknowledges that whether or not fish oil supplements support brain health is controversial. "Unless your doctor recommends taking fish oil, you can probably just eat fatty fish (like salmon) a couple of times per week."
Our unique New Zealand Blackcurrant variety is proven to be a powerful but safe MAO-enzyme inhibitor. MAO-enzyme oxidation relates to neurocognitive illnesses such as Parkinson's and Dementia.
Studies also indicate that berry fruits such as blackcurrant can prevent age-related neurodegenerative diseases and improve motor and cognitive functions. The berry fruits are also capable of modulating signaling pathways involved in inflammation, cell survival, neurotransmission and enhancing neuroplasticity through compounds like anthocyanins which blackcurrants are super high in! One study on blackcurrant extract showed to reduce mental fatigue during stressful cognitive tasks.
Blackcurrants also have very high levels of Vitamin C in them compared to most fruit. Vitamin C plays a role in the differentiation and maturation of neurons and in the formation of the myelin sheath that protects them and speeds impulse transmission, making the vitamin crucial to cognitive performance.
In the same study blackcurrant juice and extract showed benefits towards improving sustained attention and accuracy over stressful tasks. the study also showed effects are amplified the more stressed and fatigued participants were over time.
"In a 2022 study, adults with vitamin D deficiency were about 54 percent more likely to have dementia compared to those with normal vitamin D levels. In fact, researchers in this study estimated that 17 percent of dementia cases could be prevented simply by giving supplements to those who are deficient in vitamin D," she says, adding that it's a good idea to have your doctor test your vitamin D levels to determine if they are low or not. "High-dose vitamin D supplements can cause health problems, especially if you already get enough vitamin D from sunlight or from dietary sources like egg yolks, fatty fish, and fortified milk and juice."